United States of America


The “...government of the United States of America is not in any sense founded on the Christian Religion...”, according to Article 11 of the Treaty of Peace and Friendship, signed at Tripoli on November 4, 1796, and passed by the United States Congress.

Article VI, Clause 2 of the U.S.A. Constitution states: “This Constitution, and the Laws of the United States which shall be made in Pursuance thereof; and all Treaties made, or which shall be made, under the Authority of the United States, shall be the supreme Law of the Land...”.


With “religion” defined as “belief in God or gods” (first definition, 1977 World Book Dictionary), the existence of an official U.S.A. state religion is evident from the word “God” found

(1) in the U.S.A. Declaration of Independence,

(2) in the U.S.A. Pledge of Allegiance,

(3) on the U.S.A. coins,

(4) in the U.S.A. national motto,

(5) in the U.S.A. national anthem, and

(6) in the opening of each session of the U.S.A. Supreme Court.


The Declaration of Independence, which has not been rescinded by Congress and is still in effect today, endorses Thomas Jefferson
s god for entitlement of Congress to their rights. Thomas Jefferson was the author of the Declaration of Independence.

Adopted by Congress on July 4, 1776, the Declaration of Independence provides the following doctrine of the U.S.A. state religion:
(1) the Laws of
Natures God” entitled Congress to certain rights;
(2) all men are endowed by their
Creator” with certain unalienable rights;
(3) the Representatives of the U.S.A., in General Congress, Assembled, appealed to the
Supreme Judge of the world” for the rectitude of their intentions;
(4) the signers of the Declaration of Independence pledged with a firm reliance on the protection of
divine Providence”; and,
(5) the signers of the Declaration of Independence pledged to each other their
sacred Honor”.

The state religion of the United States of America is a religion with belief in Thomas Jefferson
s god. Thomas Jefferson was a deist. See The Deist Roots of the United States of America by Robert L. Johnson.

Thomas Jefferson denied the divinity of Jesus Christ and the miracles that Jesus Christ performed as recorded in the King James Bible.

Thomas Jefferson wrote in a letter that the following are
artificial systems” invented by ultra-Christian sects, unauthorized by a single word ever uttered by him” (Jesus of Nazareth): The immaculate conception of Jesus, his deification, the creation of the world by him, his miraculous powers, his resurrection and visible ascension, his corporeal presence in the Eucharist, the Trinity; original sin, atonement, regeneration, election, orders of Hierarchy”.

Thomas Jefferson
s definition of a real Christian” is different than many other peoples definition of a real Christian”. Thomas Jefferson was a disciple of the doctrines of the Jesus of the Jefferson Bible but not a disciple of the doctrines of the Jesus of the King James Bible.

The First Amendment states that
Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof;...”. The First Amendment, signed in 1789, in effect stated that the existing U.S.A. state religion could not be changed. In 1789 and after 1789, Congress could make no law respecting an establishment of a U.S.A. state religion, or prohibiting the free exercise of a U.S.A. state religion, according to the First Amendment. The U.S.A. state religion was already established as of July 4, 1776, when Congress adopted the Declaration of Independence.

A
Federal” Reserve Note is not a U.S.A. dollar. Most people associate the noun dollar with the Federal Reserve Note (FRN) dollar bill, engraved with the portrait of President George Washington. This association is mistaken. No statute defines - or ever has defined - the one dollar FRN as the dollar, or even as a species of dollar”, wrote Edwin Vieira, Jr. in What Is A “Dollar”?.

The Coinage Act of 1792 defined the U.S.A. dollar as containing 371.25 grains (24.06 grams) of pure silver. After 1792, U.S.A. laws, that redefined the U.S.A. dollar as no longer consisting of fixed mass of silver but rather consisting of a fixed mass of gold, include the Gold Standard Act in 1900. In the past, Congress has considered defining and redefining the U.S.A. dollar to be
Acts and Things which Independent States may of right do”.


I am unaware of any U.S.A. law, since 1900, redefining the U.S.A. dollar as no longer having the value of a fixed mass of gold. The last time, that I know of, that the official U.S.A. price for gold was fixed was in 1973 at 42.2222 dollars per ounce. Public Law 93-110 defined the U.S.A. dollar as having the value of 1/42.2222 fine troy ounces of gold.

The U.S.A. Department of the Treasury values gold at 42.2222 U.S.A. dollars per fine troy ounce. The statutory rates of $42.2222 per fine troy ounce (FTO) for gold and $1.2929292 per FTO for silver are used to value the entire custodial reserves, which are in the custody of the U.S. Mint and the Federal Reserve Bank of New York”, as stated in the Department of the Treasury’s Annual Financial Report (pdf document).


The action, of no longer redeeming “Federal” Reserve Notes for gold for various people, is not the same thing as the action of defining or redefining what the U.S.A. dollar actually is.

“No State shall ... make any Thing but gold and silver Coin a Tender in Payment of Debts; ...”, according to Article I, Section 10, Clause 1 of the U.S.A. Constitution. Wiktionary's first definition for the noun “tender” states “A means of payment such as a check or cheque, cash or credit card” and the second definition states “(law) A formal offer to buy or sell something”.

In any financial transaction, there is an offer and an acceptance of the offer. In each and every financial transaction, an offeror makes something an offer to an offeree. In financial transactions, states in the U.S.A. have been making so-called “legal tender”, that is neither gold nor silver coin, an offer in payment of debts. In financial transactions, states in the U.S.A. have been making so-called “legal tender”, that is neither gold nor silver coin, a tender in payment of debts.

States in the U.S.A. have been making cheques a “means of payment” in payment of debts. States in the U.S.A. have been making cheques a “formal offer” in payment of debts. States in the U.S.A. have been making cheques a tender in payment of debts. “No State shall ... make any Thing but gold and silver Coin a Tender in Payment of Debts; ...”, according to Article I, Section 10, Clause 1 of the U.S.A. Constitution.


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