Carbon Dioxide Quotes

 

 

http://vulcan.wr.usgs.gov/Glossary/Emissions/Publications/OFR95-85/OFR95-85.html

One of the most serious hazards occurs when volcanoes emit large quantities of carbon dioxide. Carbon dioxide is heavier than air and collects in low spots, displacing air in these locations. Hundreds of people have died of carbon dioxide asphyxiation near volcanoes in the past two decades, most of them in Cameroon, Africa, and in Indonesia.

 

http://www.boc-gases.com/products_and_services/by_product/carbon_dioxide

Carbon dioxide is an inert gas that can cause oxygen depletion inducing asphyxiation and death. The risk of asphyxiation is exacerbated by the fact that carbon dioxide is heavier than air which allows it to flow downwards and collect in low lying areas far from its origin.

 

http://www.madehow.com/Volume-1/Baking-Soda.html

In addition to its many home uses, baking soda also has many industrial applications. For instance, baking soda releases carbon dioxide when heated. Since carbon dioxide is heavier than air, it can smother flames by keeping oxygen out, making sodium bicarbonate a useful agent in fire extinguishers.

 

http://hvo.wr.usgs.gov/volcanowatch/2005/05_06_02.html

Because CO2 is heavier than air, it doesn't readily rise into the atmosphere and, instead, tends to pool in low areas.

 

http://volcano.oregonstate.edu/vwdocs/frequent_questions/grp7/africa/question627.html

Carbon dioxide is denser than air, so it hugged the ground and flowed down the stream valley that leads away from the lake. Unfortunately many homes and at least one town are also along this valley and the inhabitants were caught by this cloud of ground-hugging gas.

 

http://www.ens-newswire.com/ens/nov2005/2005-11-04-09.asp

Zhang said, Carbon dioxide is denser than air, so it settled down and flowed along the river valley, choking people and animals to death.

 

http://www.freepatentsonline.com/5394643.html

The carbon dioxide settles as a layer at the floor of the space.

 

http://www.exo.net/~pauld/lectures/italy/marslectureshort.htm

Carbon dioxide is heavier than air and so it sinks into the tank and stays there.

 

http://www.ibiblio.org/pub/academic/agriculture/entomology/beekeeping/bee-l/log9911a.txt

In a place with no air movement like the bottom of a dry well, if you put a lot of organic materials there to rot, Carbon Dioxide will accumulate at the bottom and it will displace the air.

 

http://www.gi.alaska.edu/ScienceForum/ASF7/785.html

It was May, 1947, near Hekla Crater in southwest Iceland, an onlooker would have observed a curious scene. Workers were digging seemingly aimless ditches across the landscape, as if trying to drain invisible ponds. In fact, that is exactly what they were doing.

During the Hekla eruption of 1947-48, streams issuing from beneath the new lava flows began to precipitate lime. At the same time, bird and animal carcasses began turning up in low areas of the topography around the crater. The implications were clear: the volcano was exhaling carbon dioxide. In the water, the carbon dioxide was combining with calcium to produce calcium carbonate, or lime, and there were areas on the ground where the gas collected in concentrations strong enough to suffocate the animals. Being heavier than air, carbon dioxide will flow like water across the terrain and collect in low spots, forming ponds that are invisible and odorless, but lethal. (The largest pond associated with the Hekla event covered an area of about two acres.)

Carbon dioxide in small amounts is nontoxic, but concentrations of eight percent will make people feel dizzy, vomit, and faint; higher concentrations quickly induce heart failure and death. Evidently, the Hekla ponds formed in completely calm weather, and usually at night. Animals that happened to be in low areas when the carbon dioxide accumulated didn't stand much of a chance. It was found that mice placed into a pond would suffocate in less than a minute.

 

http://pubs.usgs.gov/dds/dds-81/Intro/MonitoringData/CO2/CO2.html

The CO2 is released as a cool, diffuse gas from broad areas of soil. Although it quickly dissipates when it leaves the ground, CO2 is heavier than air and can collect in depressions in the land surface, in unvented buildings, and in other confined spaces. Carbon dioxide displaces oxygen and can cause unconsciousness or asphyxiation very quickly at concentrations above 30 percent. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health recommends a ceiling limit of 3 percent CO2 for up to 10 minutes for occupational exposure. Summer-time exposure to high levels of CO2 in the Horseshoe Lake area may result from lying directly on the ground or digging pits in the ground. Walking through the area in the summertime is safe for children and dogs, as long as their heads stay above ground level. During the winter, CO2 levels can build up beneath the snowpack and the CO2 gas will preferentially escape around buildings, through tree wells, and through depressions around large rocks. Such areas should obviously be avoided, as should snow camping within tree-kill areas.

 

http://quake.usgs.gov/prepare/factsheets/CO2/index.html

CO2 gas is heavier than air, and when it leaks from the soil it can collect in snowbanks, depressions, and poorly ventilated enclosures, such as cabins and tents, posing a potential danger to people.

 

http://www.ess.washington.edu/SEIS/PNSN/HELENS/info.980701.html

But because it is heavier than air, carbon dioxide can concentrate in surface depressions in the dome or crater floor, especially under calm conditions, and pose an asphyxiation hazard.

 

http://www.laborcommission.utah.gov/UOSH/Outreach/ConstructionCD/www.osha.gov/SLTC/smallbusiness/sec12.html

Gases which are heavier than air such as carbon dioxide and propane, may lie in a tank or vault for hours or even days after the containers have been opened.

 

http://volcanoes.usgs.gov/Hazards/What/VolGas/volgas.html

Because carbon dioxide gas is heavier than air, the gas may flow into in low-lying areas and collect in the soil. The concentration of carbon dioxide gas in these areas can be lethal to people, animals, and vegetation.

 

http://web.archive.org/web/20070608082709/http://www.ggsa.co.za/causes/catdisplay.jsp?article_id=1000004694

Carbon dioxide dissolves in soil water and helps to dissolve plant nutrients for the roots to absorb.

 

 

Email concerning this web page may be sent to David Wozney at dpwozney@ocii.com.